Policy Papers - July 15, 2004
Business and International Crimes: Assessing the Liability of Business Entities for Grave Violations of International Law
International Peace Institute and FAFO
There is a climate of impunity surrounding economic activities that promote or sustain conflict and human rights abuse. Many private business entities in search of extractive resources and inexpensive labor operate in developing countries beset by violence, repression, or war, where effective governance and accountability are absent. The exploitation of and trade in natural resources and other so-called "conflict commodities"provide a major source of revenue for criminalized elites or rebel factions.
The two studies summarized here map the provisions of the relevant international and national laws, and summarize the jurisprudence developed by national and international case law. The objective of our approach has been to promote the systematic identification and strengthening of existing criminal law norms and practices as a mechanism to effectively deter and sanction illicit economic exploitation in repressive or war-torn countries.
To this end, Business and International Crimes is addressed to policymakers and practitioners in government and business, as well as affected communities and civil society organizations. Ultimately, the project represents a modest attempt to provide some clarity about the nature and extent of the legal foundations for the regulation of private sector activities in those countries. It is our hope that the study will prompt further legal research by jurists, consideration of legal action by the appropriate authorities or affected communities, and development of internal compliance procedures by companies operating in conflict zones.
The Global Observatory
As Russia and the West Joust, Ukraine Risks Deeper Divisions and More Violence
The longer this stand-off continues, the greater the risk that divisions will harden into permanent fault-lines and doom Ukraine to a bitter and potentially violent disintegration.
Key Global Events to Watch in April
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
April 05, 2014
IPI Opens Middle East Regional Office
International Peace Institute President Terje Rød-Larsen inaugurated IPI’s new Middle East Regional Office with a recognition of the area’s critical importance to the world and the rapid political changes underway in the countries of the region, and he asserted that IPI has an “important role” to play there.
April 03, 2014
In Horn of Africa, Links Between Disaster, Conflict, and Displacement
What are the links between climate change, conflict, and the displacement of people? A panel of experts discussed this nexus and its implications in the Horn of Africa at the International Peace Institute on April 3rd in an event cosponsored by the Nansen Initiative.
March 26, 2014
Derek Plumbly on Lebanese Resilience Amid Rising Challenges
Lebanon has exceeded expectations in dealing with the continuing fallout from the crisis in neighboring Syria, said Derek Plumbly, United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon, on March 26th. Speaking at the International Peace Institute, Mr. Plumbly praised the Lebanese people for “actually sustaining a measure of stability in their country.”