IPI HomeEventsPanel DiscussionsAddressing the Crisis in Central African Republic

 

print print  |  share share back back

Panel Discussions - Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Addressing the Crisis in Central African Republic

How to prevent catastrophe in the Central African Republic (CAR) was the topic of an event at the International Peace Institute on November 26th. Ten months after a military coup brought the current transitional government to power, the Central African Republic is wracked by massive human rights violations, sectarian violence, attacks on civilians, and reprisals by self-defense groups. Hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced, and there are fears of a possible genocide should the deteriorating crisis be left unattended.

UN Advocacy Director of Human Rights Watch, Philippe Bolopion, witnessed the aftermath of sectarian violence when he visited the CAR recently. He said the ex-Seleka fighters are a mobilized group of young men—many of them teenagers—in mismatched uniforms and flip flops armed with rusty Kalashnikovs.

“Seleka fighters had killed scores of civilians including women, children; they had looted, raped, burnt entire villages,” Mr. Bolopian said. He described a village not far from the capitol where 35,000 people were living in a squalid camp under constant threat. Mr. Bolopian said this Christian population—most of them only yards from their homes—would not leave these terrible conditions for fear of ex-Seleka militias.

In the same village, Mr. Bolopian said, he was surprised to learn that anti-Balaka groups, wielding machetes and spears, were terrorizing Muslim populations in similar ways. "I think this small place is a good example of what could happen in many other parts of the country where a cycle of attacks and reprisal attacks have left the place completely wasted," he said.

The panel included Mauro Garofalo, the Community of Sant'Egidio; João Honwana, Africa II Division, UN Department of Political Affairs; and Mesmin Dembassa Worogagoi, Chargé d'affaires, Permanent Mission of the Central African Republic to the United Nations. The event was chaired by Ambassador John Hirsch.

There were five main points that emerged from the meeting:

1. The situation in the Central African Republic has been worsening for a decade, marked by several attempted military coups, sporadic violence, and other early signs of conflict recurrence. Yet, while early warning signals for the current crisis were abundant, early response failed. The lack of internal conflict prevention capacity and of international political will, combined with limited resources, have stood in the way of timely and effective action.

2. Restoring security is an absolute priority—it is needed to scale up and deliver humanitarian assistance, to better protect civilians, and so that human rights abuses can be properly investigated and the cycle of impunity broken. Security is also the key condition for the continuation of the incipient internal political dialogue.

3. Led by the national transitional council and local and international interfaith groups, reconciliation efforts need more support. For instance, the Republican Pact signed by the CAR authorities earlier this month constitutes a positive sign and could serve as a basis for renewed political initiatives. National stakeholders need to agree on a common vision for their country, and this requires leadership, political will, and ownership.

4. Countries in the region are actively searching for a solution, and greater engagement is needed. The African Union is due to deploy a continental mission (MISCA) in December to replace the current subregional force. MISCA will require resources and equipment to fulfill its mandate, and the UN Security Council is currently considering how it will support this force. However, the establishment of a larger UN force to stabilize the situation should not be delayed, and a coordinated international response should be pursued.

5. In the long term, only a comprehensive approach will provide a sustainable solution to the crisis. This calls for a robust political process, based on inclusive dialogue; effective disarmament, demobilization, reintegration, and security sector reform processes; and mechanisms to manage and monitor the exploitation of CAR’s rich mineral resources, to facilitate a more equitable sharing of these resources and ensure the country’s economic recovery.

In light of the severe crisis, the CAR is now receiving long-overdue attention from the international community. The panel agreed this represents an opportunity to break the cycle of conflict, and to prevent the situation from deteriorating further and posing a threat to regional and international peace and security.

“We have a historical chance to build the country like it's not yet happened in the past—once the security is restored,” said Mr. Garofalo.

Listen to the Global Observatory interview with Philippe Bolopion>>

Watch event:

The Global Observatory

For More Effective Sanctions, Time to Examine Question of Termination
The termination process is not often examined when creating sanctions, but it is key to their effectiveness.

Key Global Events to Watch in April
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.

2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.

The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.

Recent Events

April 05, 2014
IPI Opens Middle East Regional Office
International Peace Institute President Terje Rød-Larsen inaugurated IPI’s new Middle East Regional Office with a recognition of the area’s critical importance to the world and the rapid political changes underway in the countries of the region, and he asserted that IPI has an “important role” to play there.

April 04, 2014
Malone: In Development, UN Is “Idea Incubator”
With the timeline for the Millennium Development Goals ticking down, the United Nations says its machinery is cranking at full speed to facilitate and produce the framework for a post-2015 development agenda before the General Assembly session in September. Whether that’s true or not, fortunately, the UN is an apt and important “idea incubator” for international development, contended Dr. David Malone, Rector of the United Nations University (UNU), on April 4th.

April 03, 2014
In Horn of Africa, Links Between Disaster, Conflict, and Displacement
What are the links between climate change, conflict, and the displacement of people? A panel of experts discussed this nexus and its implications in the Horn of Africa at the International Peace Institute on April 3rd in an event cosponsored by the Nansen Initiative.

View More