IPI HomeEventsPanel DiscussionsMeeting on Sudan Examines Strengthening the Resilience of Communities


print print  |  share share back back

Panel Discussions - Thursday, October 10, 2013

Meeting on Sudan Examines Strengthening the Resilience of Communities

The International Peace Institute organized a discussion on October 10, 2013 that looked at how to strengthen the resilience of communities in Sudan to ensure that humanitarian assistance is more sustainable and to avoid the aid dependency trap.

Ten years after the beginning of the conflict in Darfur and more than $10 billion in humanitarian aid later, humanitarian needs in Sudan remain acute. Extreme climatic events, such as droughts and flash floods; chronic food insecurity in parts of the country; and conflict-related displacement, new and protracted, have all contributed to the humanitarian situation.

This discussion, which was part of IPI’s Humanitarian Affairs Series, brought together Ali Al-Za’tari, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Sudan; Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamid, Minister of the Interior of the Republic of Sudan; and Samuel Doe, Senior Policy Advisor with the UN Development Programme’s Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery.

The following insights emerged from the meeting:

1. For decades, the Sudanese people have developed positive resilience by bouncing back from a multiplicity of crises, but also negative resilience by coping from one catastrophe to the next. To strengthen the positive resilience of communities and go beyond addressing the symptoms of crises, the root causes of humanitarian needs should be addressed, including the persistent and protracted conflicts; institutional fragility and lack of capacity; and high levels of illiteracy.

2. The key to addressing the root causes is to empower national authorities, local institutions, and communities to be better prepared to respond to crises. In this respect, a nationally-led humanitarian response is desirable. However, it must also be acknowledged that national and local authorities do not always have the means or the ability to provide the required assistance. In such cases, Sudan has to accept the support and sometimes direct response of international agencies.

3. Access to areas that have pressing humanitarian needs such as South Kordofan and Blue Nile states has been a point of contention between international actors and the government of Sudan. However, there are indications from all stakeholders that they are prepared to work together to deliver aid, including humanitarian programs aimed at strengthening communities’ resilience.

4. While traditional humanitarian aid is still required to address acute needs in conflict-affected areas such as Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile, the most urgent needs are not limited to conflict-affected areas. For instance, the highest levels of malnutrition and the worst education indicators are in the east of the country. In particular where underdevelopment and lack of capacity are key drivers, these can be addressed in the longer term by strengthening the resilience of communities.

5. The United Nations is intent on better integrating its humanitarian and development assistance in Sudan, as indicated by the forthcoming joint visit of the heads of its humanitarian and development agencies. The UN country team plans to develop a joint, multiyear humanitarian strategy that will link up with the development assistance framework and ensure more predictable funding.

The Global Observatory

As Russia and the West Joust, Ukraine Risks Deeper Divisions and More Violence
The longer this stand-off continues, the greater the risk that divisions will harden into permanent fault-lines and doom Ukraine to a bitter and potentially violent disintegration.

Key Global Events to Watch in April
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.

2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.

The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.

Recent Events

April 05, 2014
IPI Opens Middle East Regional Office
International Peace Institute President Terje Rød-Larsen inaugurated IPI’s new Middle East Regional Office with a recognition of the area’s critical importance to the world and the rapid political changes underway in the countries of the region, and he asserted that IPI has an “important role” to play there.

April 03, 2014
In Horn of Africa, Links Between Disaster, Conflict, and Displacement
What are the links between climate change, conflict, and the displacement of people? A panel of experts discussed this nexus and its implications in the Horn of Africa at the International Peace Institute on April 3rd in an event cosponsored by the Nansen Initiative.

March 26, 2014
Derek Plumbly on Lebanese Resilience Amid Rising Challenges
Lebanon has exceeded expectations in dealing with the continuing fallout from the crisis in neighboring Syria, said Derek Plumbly, United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon, on March 26th. Speaking at the International Peace Institute, Mr. Plumbly praised the Lebanese people for “actually sustaining a measure of stability in their country.”

View More