Panel Discussions - Tuesday, May 08, 2012
Panel on the Changing Nature of Peacekeeping
“Hybrid and support models are gaining prevalence, particularly among the UN and the AU . This reflects the changing nature of peacekeeping in Africa, especially the manner in which peacekeeping missions are composed, driven, and funded,” Olivier Nduhungirehe, Charge d’Affaires of the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Rwanda to the United Nations, told an IPI audience on May 8, 2012.
Mr. Nduhungirehe was speaking on a panel along with Stefan Wallin, the Minister of Defense of Finland, about how peacekeeping partnerships can contribute to sustainable peace and development in Africa.
The many different forms of cooperation taking place on the continent were examined, from multi-organization hybrid peacekeeping arrangements to bilateral training and capacity-building initiatives.
Mr. Nduhungirehe spoke in particular of the lessons from three peacekeeping missions in Sudan, Darfur, and Somalia, and cooperation amongst the African Union (AU) , United Nations (UN), and the European Union (EU).
“A hybrid mission benefits from a true joint ownership relationship and thus has experience much greater levels of coordination since AMIS.” It can provide “experience-sharing and organizational learning,” he said, explaining that UNAMIS’s relative success should be an example of a successful alternative peacekeeping model, where international organizations exploit their comparative advantage – the AU provides troops and the UN logistical support.
“Although AU ,EU, and UN cooperation has improved peacekeeping in Africa, majority of the support to AU is in the form of capacity-building, planning, and financial support. While these areas continue to be in need of support, these remain ad-hoc, fragmented, and sometimes politicized,” he continued.
“Cooperation amongst these actors can provide an alternative and viable model to traditional peacekeeping missions,” he said. “At the same time, such missions strengthen Africa’s capacity to respond to challenges to peace and stability in the region. However, there is much to improve in these missions.”
Mr. Wallin also reflected on how regional organizations’ work in global security has increased, in coordination with the UN. He gave the example of EU operations launched under mandate of the UN and to support UN missions, for example in the DRC and Chad.
He also said that it was critically important to include women in peacekeeping missions. “When it comes to preparations for certain operations, like the one ongoing on right now in Afghanistan…it’s very important that you have both women and men amongst your troops,” he said. “Some of the problems, some of the interviews that you complete with the local population might proceed more smoothly if you have people representing both sexes.”
Welcoming remarks were delivered by Terje Rød-Larsen, President of the International Peace Institute.
Warren Hoge, Senior Adviser for External Relations of the International Peace Institute, chaired the event.
The Global Observatory
As Russia and the West Joust, Ukraine Risks Deeper Divisions and More Violence
The longer this stand-off continues, the greater the risk that divisions will harden into permanent fault-lines and doom Ukraine to a bitter and potentially violent disintegration.
Key Global Events to Watch in April
A list of key upcoming meetings and events with implications for global affairs.
2014 Top 10 Issues to Watch in Peace & Security: The Global Arena
A list of ten key issues to watch that are likely to impact international peace and security in 2014, compiled by IPI's Francesco Mancini.
The Global Observatory, produced by IPI, provides timely analysis on peace and security issues, interviews with leading policymakers, interactive maps, and more.
April 05, 2014
IPI Opens Middle East Regional Office
International Peace Institute President Terje Rød-Larsen inaugurated IPI’s new Middle East Regional Office with a recognition of the area’s critical importance to the world and the rapid political changes underway in the countries of the region, and he asserted that IPI has an “important role” to play there.
April 03, 2014
In Horn of Africa, Links Between Disaster, Conflict, and Displacement
What are the links between climate change, conflict, and the displacement of people? A panel of experts discussed this nexus and its implications in the Horn of Africa at the International Peace Institute on April 3rd in an event cosponsored by the Nansen Initiative.
March 26, 2014
Derek Plumbly on Lebanese Resilience Amid Rising Challenges
Lebanon has exceeded expectations in dealing with the continuing fallout from the crisis in neighboring Syria, said Derek Plumbly, United Nations Special Coordinator for Lebanon, on March 26th. Speaking at the International Peace Institute, Mr. Plumbly praised the Lebanese people for “actually sustaining a measure of stability in their country.”